Rigdon H. Brown – Grave #14

Rigdon H. Brown
Private
7th Florida Infantry
Company E

Rigdon H Brown enlisted on 10 April 1862 at Camp Lee.

He died in Lexington, Kentucky on 23 September 1862 as per his military records. He was buried in the Confederate Lot in the Lexington Cemetery, Lexington, Kentucky on 23 September 1862.

brown on memorial statue

The cemetery lists his age at death as 39 years. Assuming his age at death is correct, he was born around 1823.

I did find a Rigdon H Brown living in Itchpossassa Settlement, Hillsborough, Florida. He is 26 years old in 1850, living in a household with Charles H Scott (age 35), Martha H Brown (age 30), Samartha Gay (age 10), William Gay (age 7), and Peter Brown (age 3).

Rigdon Brown’s stone, however, provides a different year of birth, 1839.

rigdon h brown

If this is correct, then the RIgdon H Brown I found in the 1850 Census is not the same person. As I was not able to find a Rigdon Brown in the 1860 Federal Census, I am left too uncertain as to who this man might be.

It is important to note that he is one of the few soldiers buried in the Confederate Lot with a stone. This would have been placed after the war, so the dates may be inaccurate.

It is my hope that family who find him will be able to identify him correctly.

James H. Jones – Grave #13

James H. Jones
Private
54th Georgia Infantry
Company H

James H Jones was born in 1844-45 in Crawford County, Georgia. He is enumerated with his family in the 1850 Federal Census in Crawford County, Georgia; the family is identified as Joseph Jones (45 yo), Lucretia Jones (25 yo), Elizabeth Jones (8 yo), James Jones (6 yo), Rebecca Jones (4 yo), and William Jones (2 yo), as well as Sarah Jones (70 yo).

In the 1860 Federal Census, he is again enumerated with his family in Rogers, Crawford County, Georgia: Joseph H Jones (47 yo), Lucretia (37 yo), James H (15 yo), Basha B (13 yo), William H (11 yo), Matthew M (9 yo) and Josephus (6 yo).

James volunteered for service in the CSA on 3 May 1862 in Savannah, Georgia. He was enlisted by Colonel H Cleveland for “3 years or the war”.

He was mustered into Company H of the 57th Georgia Infantry on 10 May 1862 in Savannah, Georgia. He is noted to be 18 years old at time of mustering in and was mustered in as a Private in Captain Jno. R. Bonner’s Company, Borkuloo’s Regiment, Georgia Infantry. Borkuloo’s Regiment became the 54th infantry in May 1862; this was later changed to the 57th Georgia Infantry in early 1863.

Military records indicate James was due and paid $50 for May 10-July 1, 1862.

On 22 September 1862, James H Jones died in Lexington, Kentucky and was buried on the same date in grave 13 of the National Lot in Lexington Cemetery. This information is documented in the Register of Confederate Soldiers, Sailors, and Citizens who Died in Federal Prisons and Military Hospitals in the North, 1861-1865.

James lived 4 months and 19 days from day of enlistment to the day of his death. He was 18 or 19 years old when he died.

Ludwell Ross – Grave #12, Confederate Lot

Ludwell Ross
Captain
Buford’s Brigade Cavalry
Company G

Prior to the above:
Ludwell Ross
Private
9th Kentucky Cavalry (UNION)
Company F

If he could talk, this man would have an interesting tale to tell, for either he deserted the Union Army to join the Confederates, or there was a terrible misunderstanding of his actions and intentions back in September 1862.

I am going to outline this story in as straightforward manner as possible:

1860 US Federal Census, District 2, Jefferson County, Kentucky (Long Run Post Office)
:
Ludwell Ross is enumerated in the household of Silas B Yeager (64 years old), with Louisa Yeager (52 years old), and August Heitz (14 years old, born in Germany). Ludwell Ross is listed as age 40 and is a farm laborer.

4 August 1862: Ludwell Ross enlists into the Union Army, Company F of the 9th Kentucky Cavalry in Oldham County, Kentucky.

22 August 1862: He is mustered in at Eminence (Henry County), Kentucky.

23 August 1862
: Kirby Smith and his troops have entered Kentucky and defeat Union troops at the Battle of Big Hill, just south of Richmond, Kentucky. Additional Union troops head toward Richmond, Kentucky, including the 9th Kentucky Cavalry.

29 & 30 August 1862: Confederate Union forces meet in what was to be the second largest Civil War battle in Kentucky. The Battle of Perryville, fought a little more than a month later, was the largest.

The 9th Kentucky Cavalry (Union), presumably including Private Ludwell Ross, was dispatched from Eminence, Kentucky east toward the Richmond area. According to Hafendorfer’s “Battle of Richmond”, the 9th left Lexington in the early morning, heading toward Lancaster. The 9th Kentucky Cavalry would later participate in the Battle of Richmond.

Only a few days later, Company F of the 9th Kentucky Cavalry was evidently present in Lexington during on September 1st, to cover the evacuation of the city and the retreat of Federals to Louisville (Hafendorfer).

Meanwhile, in Lexington, Abraham Buford, the owner of a horse farm, a cousin to two Union Generals, and once a Captain in the US Army (an 1841 West Point graduate) is commissioned a Brigadier General in the CSA. Prior to September 1862, Buford had remained out of the war, but as the Confederates took Lexington, he decided to become involved.

It is impossible not to wonder what was going through Ludwell Ross’s mind at this time.

2 September 1862
: As the Confederates make their way to Lexington, Abraham Buford set up a recruiting camp in Lexington and created a cavalry brigade – units identified as the Third, Fifth and Sixth Cavalry regiments, according to Bruce S. Allardice and Lawrence Lee Hewitt (Kentuckians in Gray: Confederate Generals and Field Officers of the Bluegrass State).

On this same day, according to his military records, Ludwell Ross “deserted at Lexington, Kentucky, Septemer 2, 1862 taking Arms, Horse, and Equipage”.

I have found records of men who were enlisted by Abraham Buford on 2 September 1862 in Lexington, Kentucky into the 6th Cavalry, however I have not been able to find Confederate military records proving Ludwell’s enlistment into the CSA. The likelihood of his desertion from the Union Army and enlistment in the Confederate Army is reflected in only two sets of records – his Union military records, and the document that records his death.

21 September 1862: Ludwell Ross dies on this date. He is identified as a Captain in Buford’s Brigade Cavalry, Company G.

4 October 1862: Ludwell Ross is buried in the Confederate Lot, Grave 12 (Disposition 2341).

If the information above factually reflects the last days of his life, it tells a remarkable story – in exactly two month’s time Ludwell Ross, 42-45 years of age,enlisted as a Private in the Union Army, mustering in on 22 August 1862. He deserted the Federal Army 11 days later on 2 September 1862, taking his horse, ammunition and equipment and enlisted in Buford’s Cavalry Brigade as a Captain in the CSA. He died 19 days later and was buried in the Confederate Lot, Lexington Cemetery on 4 October 1862.