Andrew P. Smith
54th Georgia Infantry
Born: 1836-1837 in Washington County, Georgia
Died: September 12, 1862 in Hospital, Lexington, Fayette County, Kentucky
Buried: September 12, 1862 Confederate Lot, Lexington Cemetery, Lexington, Fayette County, Kentucky
Andrew P Smith was born in Washington County, Georgia in 1836 or 1837, according to the documentation I have reviewed thus far. Based upon the 1850 Federal Census for Washington County, Georgia, Andrew appears to be the son of Allen B. and Susan Smith of Washington County. In 1850, Andrew is 13 years old. As I have not yet found any record of birth or other links to this family, I do not feel entirely confident I have the correct family, although it is very likely.
In 1860, the Federal Census for Washington County, Georgia lists Andrew P. Smith as being a 24 year old farmer living with Mary Smith, aged 22 years old (apparently his wife), two year old Elizabeth Smith, and two other females, Caroline E. Smith, age 40 and Pensia G. Smith, age 35. Andrew’s real estate is valued at $1000, personal estate valued at $1000. Caroline also has real estate valued at $1200, personal estate at $1000; Pensia’s real estate valued at $1400, personal estate at $1000. The 1860 Slave Schedule indicates that he owns two slaves, a 70 year old man and an 11 year old female. The Slave Schedule also indicates that Miss C. E Smith and P. G. Smith each own slaves, bringing the household total to six.
Smith enlisted into the 54th Georgia Infantry (later renamed the 57th), Company G on May 6, 1862 in Savannah Georgia. He was 26 years old at that time. He was enlisted by Col. Henry Cleveland for a period of “3 years or war”. This soldier’s records differ for the previous soldiers addressed in this blog in that his military records provide some additional detail of his life and death.
Documents include a Register of Claims of Deceased Officers and Soldiers from Georgia in which M. E. Smith, Admin and John P. Smith, Admin filed claim for settlement on May 16, 1863. The document reports that Andrew P. Smith died in hospital in Lexington, Kentucky. Military records also report Smith was born in Washington County, Georgia, and died on September 12, 1862 in Lexington, Kentucky from Brain Fever.
The Register of Confederate Soldiers, Sailors, and Citizens who Died in Federal Prisons and Military Hospitals in the North, 1861-1865 support the claim that Smith died on September 12, 1863 in Lexington, Kentucky. The Lexington Cemetery records also indicate that A.P. Smith was buried in the National Lot on September 12, 1862.
Smith’s military records also include a letter signed by Captain James P. Jordan stating that Andrew P Smith died in hospital at Lexington, Kentucky on the “13th day of September 1862”.
Andrew P. Smith lived four months and six days from enlistment to death and burial.